Q?

What is Shaping?

A.

Shaping is a policy applied by a provider to control usage by giving certain users preference. E.g. giving businesses preference during working hours

Q?

What is a Fair Use Policy (FUP)?

A.

FUP is a policy applied by a provider to limit how much you can download by throttling your speed once you reach the threshold they set, E.g. once you download 20 GB in a month they often throttle or cut your speed by between 50% and 90% for the balance of the month

Q?

What is a contention ratio?

A.

The Contention Ratio approach is a policy applied by a provider to control usage by dividing the line speed among many users. For example if you have an ADSL line your line is typically being shared by between 45 and 90 other users. You divide your line speed by 90 to get expected throughput and speed. Speed depends on how many of the other users are also using the Internet at the same time as you are using it.

Q?

What is Capping?

A.

Capping is a policy applied by a provider to control usage by limiting users to a maximum amount of data that they can download or use in a period e.g. a month